By Joan A Price
Old thinkers supplied the principles of the philosophical procedure, interpreting the universe's goal, in addition to humankind's position inside of it. This name covers pre-Socratic, Classical, and Hellenistic philosophers and their theories, illuminating a number of the enduring solutions given in regards to the nature of the area and people who stay in it.
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Extra resources for Ancient and Hellenistic Thought (Understanding Philosophy)
The following story about the Sophist Protagoras and one of his students demonstrates the Sophistic art of persuasion: A young man who did not have enough money to pay for lessons asked Protagoras to accept him as a law student anyway. Protagoras agreed on the condition that the student would pay when he won his ﬁrst case. The student agreed, but after he completed the course, the student took no cases. Annoyed, Protagoras took the student to court for payment. The student argued, “If I win this case, I won’t have to pay Protagoras according to the judgment of the court.
These men believed that absolutes such as Truth, Beauty, and Goodness do not exist in this world. indd 34 1/9/08 3:35:26 PM The Classical Period: The Sophists and Socrates 35 situation. In philosophy, this viewpoint is known as relativism. Relativists believe each society should make its own rules. The Sophists taught young lawyers how to argue court cases regardless of their clients’ guilt or innocence. Young politicians learned the art of using fallacies, or misleading arguments, and emotional language to beneﬁt their cause.
Plato’s dialogue Euthyphro is a good example of the dialectic method. Socrates meets the young man Euthyphro on the courthouse steps. Euthyphro asks why Socrates is there. Socrates tells Euthyphro he has been charged with impiety, or lacking respect or reverence, or being impious. Euthyphro then explains that he is suing his own father for impiety. ” Euthyphro tries to explain, but through Socrates’s questioning, Euthyphro realizes that he does not have a clear idea of the meaning of piety or impiety.
Ancient and Hellenistic Thought (Understanding Philosophy) by Joan A Price