By Hal Whitehead
While you're within the box of ethology or behavioral ecology, or anything learning animal habit, this ebook delivers every little thing you want to find out about social analyses. Hal Whitehead lays out exact yet comprehensible guideline on every little thing from information assortment to software program courses. i like it.
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Extra info for Analyzing Animal Societies: Quantitative Methods for Vertebrate Social Analysis
The difference between the minimum and maximum observations. The range is influenced by sample size. If, for each individual, we measure two variables x and y, then we can describe the relationship between them in several ways, including the following: Covariance. The equivalent of the variance for two variables, ¯ · (yi − y)(n ¯ − 1). usually estimated from C(x, y) = (xi − x) The covariance is large and positive if x and y are positively related to one another, large and negative if they are inversely related to one another, and close to zero if they are unrelated.
The range of options for social analysis with such populations is huge, including the analysis of shifting dominance hierarchies and b Captive or fully provisioned. populations. 4 40 ∼200 Color banded ∼20 ma ∼30 Identification used Span of study area Days observed 1,767 336 137 67 65 ∼48 62 33 14 9 Identified animals Describe interactions, relationships, aggression, grooming, dominance, others How do roosting companionships interact with ranging patterns? Describe hierarchically nested tiers of social structure among females and interactions with breeding males Social affiliations, aggression, dominance, and pairing within a flock Individual and class variance in sociality and proximity Do pigs form long-term preferential associations?
If SAL and SUE are actually a permanent distinct social unit, then it probably is. If, on the other hand, they are just particularly “good friends” in a loose fission–fusion social system in which individuals associate with a range of others at different rates, then it probably is not. Instead, ordination methods (Fig. 2), provide a more legitimate visualization of the society. There is the same concern with the other major class of cluster analyses: hierarchical methods. In hierarchical cluster analysis, clusters are formed either by division or agglomeration.
Analyzing Animal Societies: Quantitative Methods for Vertebrate Social Analysis by Hal Whitehead