By Elizabeth Kauffman Bush
Even if undesirable eyesight saved him from receiving a fee within the U.S. military while he graduated from the Naval Academy in 1933, Draper Kauffman grew to become a hero of underwater demolition in global warfare II and went directly to a special naval profession. this day Admiral Kauffman is remembered because the nation's first frogman and the daddy of the military Seals. His brilliant wartime provider disarming enemy bombs, setting up bomb disposal colleges, and organizing and best the Navy's first demolition devices is the focal point of this biography written by means of Kauffman's sister. Elizabeth Kauffman Bush, who is also the aunt of President George W. Bush, attracts on family members papers in addition to army records to inform Kauffman's tale for the 1st time. made up our minds to guard the reason for freedom lengthy sooner than the U.S. ever entered the struggle, Kauffman used to be taken prisoner by way of the Germans as an ambulance driving force in France, and after his free up joined the Royal army to defuse delayed-action bombs in the course of the London blitz. After Pearl Harbor his eyes have been deemed sufficient and he used to be given a fee within the U.S. Naval Reserve. together with his event, he was once requested to set up an underwater demolition institution in castle Pierce, Florida, the place he individually educated males to defuse bombs and neutralize different submerged risks. His males have been despatched to demolish the stumbling blocks put in by way of the Nazis at Normandy, and Kauffman himself led underwater demolition groups within the Pacific at Saipan, Tinian, and Guam and later directed UDT operations at Iwo Jima and Okinawa. His males have in mind him as a superb chief who led by way of instance. He knowledgeable and fought along them, impervious to chance. as a result excessive criteria he set if you turned "frogmen,"thousands of yank lives have been stored in international struggle II, Korea, and Vietnam. Draper Kauffman's early proven UDT traditions of perseverance, teamwork, and a long-lasting brotherhood of fellows of remarkable braveness is carried on by means of military Seals. this is often his legacy to the U.S. army and his nation.
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Additional info for America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story
Italy, the third main enemy when war came, was not seen by the Foreign Office as being a threat until Mussolini’s African ambitions became clear, so the Admiralty was not required to plan against the eventualities of war against Italy. There was, therefore, no specific requirement to plan against Italy. 24 Copyright © 2003 George Franklin STRATEGY NOTES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Stephen Roskill, Naval Policy between the Wars, Collins, London, 1968, Vol. 1, p. 92. The Hague convention of 1907 allowed submarines to attack warships or merchant ships in convoy without warning.
Among other roles, the Director of Plans, who tended to be a gunnery specialist, sat with his army and RAF opposite numbers on the Joint Planning Committee (JPC), which prepared reports and appreciations for the CID and the Cabinet. The Director of Plans, however, had no direct responsibility for anti-submarine development, which fell within the bailiwicks of the Director of the Tactical Division, the Director of Scientific Research and the Director of the Signal Division. Captain A/ S, whose role will be discussed in the next section, reported to the Director of the Tactical Division in matters of tactics, training and production, and was responsible to the Director of the Signal Division for scientific development.
Were generally the result of compromises between the requirements and desires of different branches. The resulting destroyer would be a sensible all-round compromise. Into this scene of established and senior branches came the new, junior and slightly quirky anti-submarine expert. For the first few years no qualified antisubmarine officer was senior enough to be part of the Staff decision process, so their corner was fought by torpedo specialists, but as time progressed qualified anti-submarine men entered the debates.
America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story by Elizabeth Kauffman Bush