By Frank L. Holt
To all those that witnessed his impressive conquests, from Albania to India, Alexander the good seemed invincible. How Alexander himself promoted this appearance--how he abetted the idea that he loved divine prefer and commanded even the forces of nature opposed to his enemies--is the topic of Frank L. Holt's soaking up booklet.
Solid facts for the ''supernaturalized'' Alexander lies in a unprecedented sequence of medallions that depict the successful younger king at battle opposed to the elephants, archers, and chariots of Rajah Porus of India on the conflict of the Hydaspes River. Recovered from Afghanistan and Iraq in sensational and infrequently perilous conditions, those historic artifacts have lengthy lively the fashionable historic debate approximately Alexander. Holt's booklet, the 1st dedicated to the secret of those old medallions, takes us into the background in their discovery and interpretation, into the knowable evidence in their manufacture and which means, and, finally, into the king's personal psyche and his scary theology of warfare. the result's a precious research of Alexander historical past and fable, a bright account of numismatics, and a spellbinding inspect the age-old mechanics of megalomania.
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Additional info for Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions
Alexander divided his forces. While his navy explored a sea route between India and the Persian Gulf, the king led a disastrous march across the Gedrosian desert back to Babylon. Weakened by battle injuries and worried that his ﬂeet had been lost, Alexander suffered what some have called a physical and mental breakdown. He lashed out at those who had failed to govern honorably during his long absence in the east. Swelled heads literally rolled as the king investigated abuses of power. 36 Meanwhile, in what turned out to be the last months of his life, Alexander wrestled with the enormous problems of his new empire, 36.
41 Our best evidence is that Franks indeed purchased the medallion during the buying frenzy set off by the Oxus Treasure, and that it was reported (or assumed) by him to have come from the hoard. Nothing now known would make this attribution unlikely, but this interesting connection might nevertheless be completely illusory. The medallion could have been found elsewhere in or near Afghanistan and just happen to have been caught up in the commotion surrounding the Oxus Treasure. 42 In such situations, old inventories and odd pieces are naturally hawked as part of the treasure in demand, and the tag “found at Khullum” might therefore have been attached to nearly everything in the shops.
2 (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1930), pp. 150–52, 291. 31. Frank Holt, Alexander the Great and Bactria: The Formation of a Greek Frontier in Central Asia (Leiden: Brill, 1988). 32. 11; and Plutarch Alex. 6. 14 / Man of Mystery Macedonian military settlements that threatened the traditional politics, economy, and culture of Bactria and its environs, fresh resistance stirred under the able leadership of a native named Spitamenes. The situation turned catastrophic. Alexander’s troops began to tire, and the complaints of some of his closest companions created new tensions that sometimes led to executions.
Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions by Frank L. Holt