Martin Whittingham's Al Ghazali and the Qur'an: One Book, Many Meanings (Culture PDF

By Martin Whittingham

ISBN-10: 0203964659

ISBN-13: 9780203964651

ISBN-10: 0415375436

ISBN-13: 9780415375436

This booklet is the 1st of its style to concentration completely at the Qur’anic interpretation of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111), a towering determine of Sunni Islam. Martin Whittingham explores either al-Ghazali’s hermeneutical tools and his interpretations of specific Quranic texts, and covers al-Ghazali’s mystical, felony and theological issues. Divided into elements: half one examines al-Ghazali’s criminal and Sufi theoretical discussions half asks how those theories relate to his perform, analysing the one 3 of al-Ghazali’s works that are centrally keen on reading specific Qur’anic passages: Jawahir al-Qur’an (The Jewels of the Qur’an); Al-Qist as al-mustaqim (The right Balance); and Mishkat al-anwar (The area of interest for Lights). supplying a brand new element of entry to the works of al-Ghazali, this booklet might be welcomed by way of students and scholars of Islamic reviews, spiritual reviews, hermeneutics, and somebody drawn to how Muslims comprehend the Qur’an.

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Additional info for Al Ghazali and the Qur'an: One Book, Many Meanings (Culture and Civilization in the Middle East)

Sample text

After discussing the unequivocal meaning al-Ghazālī turns his full attention to ta’wīl, beginning with the important statement that ‘ta’wīl is equivalent to a possible meaning supported by an indicator (dalīl)’. Al-Ghazālī immediately adds that, ‘every ta’wīl is a diversion of the expression from the real meaning to the majāz’ (I:387). The concept of majāz is central to a full understanding of ta’wīl in and will be explored shortly. Having concluded his introductory discussion of ta’wīl, al-Ghazālī turns to the five issues which constitute the remainder of his treatment of the topic.

After discussing the unequivocal meaning al-Ghazālī turns his full attention to ta’wīl, beginning with the important statement that ‘ta’wīl is equivalent to a possible meaning supported by an indicator (dalīl)’. Al-Ghazālī immediately adds that, ‘every ta’wīl is a diversion of the expression from the real meaning to the majāz’ (I:387). The concept of majāz is central to a full understanding of ta’wīl in and will be explored shortly. Having concluded his introductory discussion of ta’wīl, al-Ghazālī turns to the five issues which constitute the remainder of his treatment of the topic.

In short he argues that al-Ghazālī does not consistently uphold the Ash‘arī doctrine of habitual causation, according to which events are individually caused by God with no necessary causal link between them. For example, habitual causation holds that when cotton burns in a fire, this is because God causes the cotton to be burned at that instant rather than because fire must inevitably burn cotton (for this example see al-Ghazālī 1997:170–1). Instead, Frank argues, al-Ghazālī accepts a closed, determined system of causality, whereby events unfold inevitably rather than at God’s specific command.

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Al Ghazali and the Qur'an: One Book, Many Meanings (Culture and Civilization in the Middle East) by Martin Whittingham


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