Aggression and Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia - download pdf or read online

By David Levinson

ISBN-10: 087436728X

ISBN-13: 9780874367287

An exam and comparability of the ways that assorted cultures exhibit and unravel clash. appears at quite a few types of aggression between participants and teams, together with kin violence, capital punishment, animal cruelty and rites of initiation, and on the resolutions tried.

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Perhaps the most common reason is that sons desire resources such as money, land, status, or power controlled by their fathers. Killing their father may be the quickest means to obtaining these resources for adult sons who no longer want to wait. This situation occurred in peasant communities in Europe in the past where fathers controlled the family farmland and, therefore, the lives of their adult sons. When fathers passed the land on to their sons before they died, they often did so only with written assurance that the sons would provide them with specified amounts of food each year.

In probably all cultures there are some instances when some individuals treat animals cruelly. As regards cultural proscriptions about the treatment of animals, in 48 percent of cultures at least one type of animal (usually dogs) is routinely treated cruelly. Included in this group of cultures are at least 5 percent in which parents either encourage or allow their children to treat animals cruelly. This regular cruel treatment follows two patterns. In most of those cultures where animal cruelty is allowed, the targets are most often animals kept as pets who are regularly beaten, kicked, whipped, cursed, stoned, teased, or poorly fed.

Studies in Third World Societies 22: 43-67. Sokolovsky, Jay, ed. (1990) Culture, Aging, and Society. Deindividuation is the DKIXDIVIDUATION psychological state in which an individual loses a sense of his or her own identity and instead feels anonymous and unconnected. Psychological experiments show that individuals in a deindividuized state can be easily led to behave more aggressively than they would under normal circumstances. This is because when people feel anonymous they are less likely to be concerned with controlling behaviors that might be negatively evaluated by others.

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Aggression and Conflict: A Cross-Cultural Encyclopedia (Encyclopedias of the Human Experience) by David Levinson

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