By A. D. C. Macknight (auth.), Professor Dr. R. Gilles, Dr. E. K. Hoffmann, Dr. L. Bolis (eds.)
Advances in Compararative and Environmental Physiology is helping biologists, physiologists, and biochemists continue song of the huge literature within the box. delivering finished, built-in studies and sound, serious, and provocative summaries, this sequence is a must for all lively researchers in environmental and comparative body structure. mobile quantity and osmolality in animals is a good studied subject and this particular quantity within the sequence presents the reader with a radical grounding during this zone of body structure. including elements, the textual content discusses osmolality and quantity keep an eye on when it comes to either inorganic and natural ions which therefore supplies an exceptional review to these operating and attracted to this field.
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Additional info for Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology: Volume and Osmolality Control in Animal Cells
1978). This is not a question that can be addressed using techniques, such as short-circuit current, which monitor the average behaviour of the myriads of cells which comprise an epithelial sheet. There are indications, however, that there may be considerable variations from cell to cell in the number of transport pathways available in the plasma membranes. For example, in a study of toad bladder using X-ray microanalysis to measure the composition of individual epithelial cells, Civan et al. (1980) observed large differences in ion composition from cell to cell after exposure to ouabain and following incubation in a potassium-free medium.
Unfortunately, it has proved extremely difficult to obtain good estimates of plasma membrane osmotic water permeabilities in leaky epithelia; a difficulty that reflects the complex geometry of the tissue and the problem of estimating and correcting for the contributions of un stirred layers (Barry and Diamond 1984). Of particular interest are the cells in urinary epithelia such as the mammalian collecting ducts and amphibian urinary bladders, where apical membrane water permeability is controlled by antidiuretic hormone.
I ain Invest 78: 1165-1172 Lohr JW, Sullivan LP, Cragoe EJ Ir, Grantham II (1989) Volume regulation determinants in isolated proximal tubules in hypertonic media. Am I Physiol 256:F622-F631 Lopes AG, Arnzel LM, Markakis D, Guggino WB (1988) Cell volume regulation by the thin descending limb of Henle's loop. Proc Nat! Acad Sci USA 85:2873-2877 Macknight ADC (1987) Volume maintenance in isosmotic conditions. Curr Top Membrane Transp 30:3-43 Macknight ADC (1988) Principles of cell volume regulation.
Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology: Volume and Osmolality Control in Animal Cells by A. D. C. Macknight (auth.), Professor Dr. R. Gilles, Dr. E. K. Hoffmann, Dr. L. Bolis (eds.)