By Horst Geckeis, Thomas Rabung, Thorsten Schäfer (auth.), Stepan N. Kalmykov, Melissa A. Denecke (eds.)
This is the 1st e-book to hide actinide nano examine. it really is of curiosity either for primary learn into the chemistry and physics of f-block parts in addition to for utilized researchers reminiscent of these learning the long term safeguard of nuclear waste disposal and constructing remediation concepts. The authors disguise very important problems with the formation of actinide nano-particles, their houses and constitution, environmental habit of colloids and nanoparticles regarding the secure disposal of nuclear wastes, modeling and complex tools of characterization on the nano-scale.
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1993) Size distribution of radionuclides in nuclear-fuel reprocessing liquids after mixing with seawater. Science of the Total Environment 130, 51–63. , and Kim J. I. (2003) Colloid-borne Americium migration in Gorleben groundwater: Significance of iron secondary phase transformation. Environmental Science & Technology 37(8), 1528–1534. , and Fangh€anel T. (2004) U, Th, Eu and colloid mobility in a granite fracture under near-natural flow conditions. Radiochimica Acta 92, 731–737. , Kim J. , Bleam W.
The quantification of colloid/nanoparticle retention at mineral or rock surfaces under conditions both unfavorable and favorable to electrostatic attachment was also analyzed by mPIXE from 2 to 100 nm diameter gold nanoparticles (Alonso et al. 2009), fluorescence microscopy using 25 nm carboxylated latex microspheres (Filby et al. 2008) and AFM force spectroscopy using the so-called “colloid probe” technique (Filby et al. 2009). Under favorable conditions, electrostatic attraction prevailed: strong adsorption of negatively charged colloids was in fact observed at pH values close or below the point of zero charge (pHPCZ) of the respective mineral surface.
Alexander W. , and Missana T. (2003) The colloid and radionuclide retardation experiment at the Grimsel Test Site: influence of bentonite colloids on radionuclide migration in a fractured rock. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 217(1–3), 33–47. , and Fangh€anel T. (2006) Scanning transmission Xray and laser scanning luminescence microscopy of the carboxyl group and Eu(III) distribution in humic acid aggregates. Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 153(3), 71–74.
Actinide Nanoparticle Research by Horst Geckeis, Thomas Rabung, Thorsten Schäfer (auth.), Stepan N. Kalmykov, Melissa A. Denecke (eds.)