By Mohammed Akram Nadwi
Abu Hanifah Nu'man ibn Thabit was once one of many maximum pioneers within the heritage of Islamic legislations, rather in criminal reasoning. The Hanafi criminal tuition that he based has develop into the main broadly one of the world's Muslims. in accordance with basic assets, this research of the lifestyles and legacy of Abu Hanifah additionally surveys the evolution of Hanafi criminal reasoning (fiqh) in several areas of the Islamic international and assesses its historic distinctiveness.
Mohammed Akram Nadwi is a examine fellow on the Oxford Centre for Islamic reviews, and is the writer of a number of works together with al-Muhaddithat: the ladies students in Islam (2007).
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Extra info for Abu Hanifah. His Life, Legal Method & Legacy
The joining of the terms with a simple ‘and’ is justified by the common Qurānic expression ‘God and His Messenger’, usually found after the imperatives ‘obey’ or ‘love’. However, the pairing of the two does not signify any kind or degree of parity between them. For Muslims, the Qurān is without doubt the Book of God, and the Sunnah is without doubt that Book ‘opened out’ into this world, ideally practised and embodied. That said, the two have never been confounded in the Islamic tradition. For Muslims, only the Qurān holds the degree of awe and majesty befitting the word of God; human beings (the Prophet included) are required to measure up to it, and never the other way around.
People demanded to consult him even while he was in prison, and they were too many to be resisted. In later times, when the dynasty was secure and when learned Islamic scholars did accept positions within the state administration and so depended for their livelihoods upon the state, they still felt they had a duty to refuse to lend their authority to the will of the government if, by doing so, they would be contradicting or undermining the law. This dedication to the law, intermittently weakened by necessary and unnecessary compromises, is derived from the pattern of conduct established by Abū Ḥanīfah and other pioneers in the field.
Given the speed and the scale of expansion, it was inevitable that the Companions faced situations that elicited different responses from them. This was in part because they were acting in different localities, in part because their individual efforts of conscience and reason were, though equally dedicated, differently attuned to Qurān and Sunnah. Later generations explained the differences as resulting from the Companions’ following different methods of interpreting the law. Just as people had gathered around the Prophet to learn from him, so too people gathered around the Companions, and stayed with them – some for decades – as their students.
Abu Hanifah. His Life, Legal Method & Legacy by Mohammed Akram Nadwi