By Bernd Kortmann (ed.), Tanja Herrmann (ed.), Lukas Pietsch (ed.), Susanne Wagner (ed.)
This quantity bargains qualitative in addition to corpus-based quantitative reports on 3 domain names of grammatical edition within the British Isles. All reports draw seriously at the Freiburg English Dialect Corpus (FRED), a automatic corpus for predominantly British English dialects comprising a few 2.5 million phrases. along with an account of FRED and the benefits which a functional-typological framework bargains for the examine of dialect grammar, the amount contains the next 3 great studies.
Tanja Herrmann's research is the 1st systematic cross-regional research of relativization innovations for Scotland, Northern eire, and 4 significant dialect components in England. In her study layout Hermann has incorporated a couple of concerns the most important in typological learn on relative clauses, chiefly the Noun word Accessibility Hierarchy. Lukas Pietsch investigates the so-called Northern topic Rule, a distinct contract phenomenon recognized from Northern England, Scotland and northerly eire. His learn is based mostly at the Northern eire Transcribed Corpus of Speech, but in addition at the FRED and SED info (Survey of English Dialects) for the North of britain. Susanne Wagner is worried with the phenomenon of pronominal gender, focussing specially at the typologically really distinctive semantic gender approach within the dialects of Southwest England.
This quantity can be of curiosity to dialectologists, sociolinguists, typologists, old linguists, grammarians, and somebody attracted to the constitution of spontaneous spoken English.
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Additional info for A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects, Volume 1: Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses
Map 208 (cf. next page) gives a similar picture. 2: he’s a boy) whose father, which asks for a genitive relative marker. It turns out that the periphrastic genitive as his father is used in all counties except for Dorset, where a paratactic continuation4 (his father) is used. Map 3. 2: (he’s a boy) whose father (Lowman Survey) In East Anglia the survey investigated four localities in Suffolk, three in Cambridgeshire, (and three localities in Norfolk and three in Essex). Map 207 shows nearly an even distribution of what (two in Suffolk; two in Norfolk; one in Northern Essex) and that (two in Suffolk; two in Cambridgeshire; one in Norfolk; two in Southern Essex) (cf.
E. at = that. Since at and that appear(ed) side by side, in the Central North and Scotland as well as in other areas of regular or occasional initial th-dropping (when unstressed), like East Anglia (cf. Poussa 1996: 529 and 531; cf. also Peitsara 2002: 169), the two were not formally distinguished, but the few transcribed instances of at were subsumed under that. 5%), followed by zero (34%). Occasional or frequent occurrences of zero are also mentioned by all previous Relative clauses in dialects of English 37 authors after 1905.
Hierarchy Constraint 3 maintains that any position is a potential ‘cut-off point’ for a relative clause formation strategy (cf. Keenan and Comrie 1977: 68). Later in the article, Keenan and Comrie restricted the Constraints to primary strategies (in a language). A relative clause formation strategy is called primary if it can relativize the subject position. g. GEN position), this strategy will be able to relativize all higher positions (cf. Keenan and Comrie 1977: 68–69). Over the years the formulation of the Hierarchy Constraints has undergone several revisions, while trying to come to grips with various (real and apparent) counterexamples to the Accessibility Hierarchy and its Constraints.
A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects, Volume 1: Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses by Bernd Kortmann (ed.), Tanja Herrmann (ed.), Lukas Pietsch (ed.), Susanne Wagner (ed.)